عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Turkey is among the few countries which have faced a number of changes in contemporary era. Back then Turkey was the leading country in political and religious leadership of majority part of Islamic World. Then it became the pioneer country with secular system among Islamic nations (Brief History). Understanding such changes, need resolving numerous ambiguities on this issue (Problem) which is caused by lack of serious scientific efforts in this area by researchers (Background). In order to resolve such ambiguities, the present paper tried to answer the raised question: What were the process and consequences of political and cultural changes in Turkey in Mustafa Kamal Ataturk’s time? (Question) Achieving a modern and western civilization and culture were purposes of Mustafa Kamal; therefore, any obstacles on his way was changed and altered by him (Hypothesis). The present paper tries to say: Although Mustafa Kamal Ataturk was not able to change the principal beliefs and theology of people, he managed to make a irreversible distance with traditions of society (Goal). Achieving such purpose is possible through a library study and an analytical approach (Methodology). Considering the actions of Ataturk we can conclude, no change will lead to civilization without people’s consensus (Finding).