عنوان مقاله [English]
Islamic civilization benefited from other civilizations, through translating the works of prior civilizations (Greek) and subsequent civilization (Islamic). Iranian like other nations played an important role, while their efforts in the second to forth centuries are not analyzed and explained properly. Therefore, the question raised here is: What was Iranian's role in translation of scientific works of other nations to Arabic? Having the supports of Abbasid Caliphs in one hand, and having influential Iranian families interested in knowledge, Iranian were able to play an imminent and pioneer role in translating non-Arabic works to Arabic (hypothesis). Demonstrating the crucial position of Iranians in knowledge translation is the goal of the resent paper. Through applying descriptive – analytical methodology and based on first hand historical sources we will make a comparison between the role of Iranian translators and other translators in the movement of translation. Iranian share in the movement of translation is undeniable, which is indebted to the background, interests, dedicating time and money of Iranian rather than the supports of Abbasids (finding).